Cocaine Overdose Treatment
Overdosing on cocaine
   Cocaine Overdose Treatment | Treatment Options

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Cocaine Overdose Treatment

Cocaine is one of the commonest sources of substance abuse across the world. It is highly addictive (habit-forming) and cocaine addicts are prone to overdosing on cocaine. Overdosing is regarded as a highly critical medical condition that poses a direct threat to the patient's existence. Most cases of cocaine overdosing cannot be resolved with basic or first-aid procedures and specialist, medical intervention is required. For better understanding cocaine overdose treatment, various aspects of cocaine addiction and the choice of treatment need to be understood.

Cocaine is essentially a stimulant that induces various psychological changes. The severity of these changes depends upon the susceptibility of the cocaine consumer or the dosage in which cocaine is consumed. In terms of usage, cocaine is usually smoke or injected. Many people refer to cocaine as a euphoric or happy drug because it stimulates certain neurological reactions that create a feeling of happiness or an extreme state of excitability along with strong sedation. Those consuming cocaine have severe emotional phases wherein the psychological effects go through many transitory stages, ranging from the initial phase of extreme ecstasy to a plateau stage of sustained-but-controlled elation, followed by a phase of the cheerful feeling slowly phasing-out itself.

Cocaine Overdose Symptoms

Cocaine overdose is most commonly found in serial cocaine users or abusers. It is very difficult-to-treat because the symptoms of overdosing are hard-to-decode, particularly in an environment wherein the judgment of most surrounding people is already overcome by drug-induced elation. Most cases of cocaine overdosing begin with some signs of utter bewilderment in the affected person who may show signs of strange behavior including bad-temper along with bouts of violent or agitated behavior. From a medical perspective, the patient at this time is undergoing an abnormal blood pressure phase wherein the elated state causes extreme and sudden fluctuations in the blood pressure and the breathing patterns become increasingly disturbed, also causing the body temperature to fall dramatically.

Many times, when the neurotransmitter action has been overpowered by a very strong cocaine dosage, the patient may start feeling dizzy to the extent of losing balance, salivating excessively and can even have seizures. Cocaine stimulates the heart muscles in an uncontrolled manner and they start contracting and expanding beyond the needed oxygen requirement. This is also the underlying cause of elevated blood pressure but more critically, the heart can undergo extensive damage. The most common form of cardiac damage due to cocaine overdosing is symptomized by chest pain or a mild heart attack that may cause the patient to collapse. Abnormal heart rhythms can be extremely damaging if the patient has a history of cardiac issues and they can further cause unconsciousness or induce a coma-like like state, as the rising blood pressure can damage some neurons.
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